Sunday, June 28, 2020

Impacts of National Culture Multinational Corporations Performance - 1100 Words

Impacts of National Culture Multinational Corporations Performance (Essay Sample) Content: National Culture Impacts on Multinational Corporations PerformanceStudentà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s NameBusiness and StatisticsIntroduction and backgroundNational culture is the set of behavior and norms as well as beliefs and customs that exist within the boundaries of a given state, community or group of people. On the other hand, multinational corporations are simply companies which operate in more than one state. These multinational corporations get challenges when they operate in those nations that they start their businesses. Most of these challenges are usually originated from the national culture of the host countries. These multinational corporations are forced by the laws of the hosting country to adapt and develop their management and other practices in line with national culture of the country they are under operation. Emerging markets/ economies are those countries which are beginning to be felt globally by contributing; implementing reform programs and most importantl y, they are undergoing gradual economic development. It can also be used to describe a list of little middle to higher income countries within the developing countries. As such, you will find some multinational corporations performing better than others.It is in line with this that in this paper we are going to analyze the impacts that different national cultures have on the overall performance of the multinational corporations. We critically analyze specific multinational companies by illustrating a method of strategic performance by taking into consideration the effects of home countries national culture on multinational companyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s performance (Agarwal 1994). The analysis, which acts as evidence, shows clearly that the national culture has a direct impact on Multinational Corporationà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s performance. Furthermore, the results purely show that multinational corporations that have better performance usually experience clear as well as distinct characteristics.The civ il rights societiesThe civil right societies are formed by groups of citizens in a country to protest and alarm the public of any malicious action that may be taken by the government or any other influential citizens or non-citizens. These civil societies are usually very keen on any step taken by organizations, especially manufacturing companies and much worse; multinational companies (Agarwal 1994). This is because they tend to have a second thought as to the reason why the operation has to be undertaken in the host country. They reason out that maybe it could be having a health issue which may affect the citizens of the host country. As a result, the multinational corporations are forced to undergo serious scrutiny for any project they have to launch to ensure that it has no any negative consequences on the life of the citizens of the host country. This greatly hinders their performance because the processes are time consuming as well as costly. (Agarwal 1994)Corporate social res ponsibilityCorporate social responsibility is simply about the organizations contribution to sustainable development. It is all about how organizations can be accountable to the social, economic as well as environmental impact as a result of their operations in the overall society. It is a question of companies do with their profits as well as how they make those profits. Though a very good operation, corporate social responsibility has been doubted in terms of validity and for profit making organizations (Agarwal 1994). Corporate social responsibilities are usually very costly projects for these corporations since they have to cater for several spheres of influence such as the workplace, community, marketplace as well as the public policy.Case study; Coca Cola Company.The Coca-Cola Company in the Middle East partnered with its bottling firms and come up with a program to curb HIV/AIDS in the region. So the companies formulated a clear HIV/AIDS policy putting into consideration the fact that the diseases is a public health emergency and therefore used the workplace to reduce the spread and effect of the epidemic(Agarwal 1994). The challenge it faced was that despite its enormous presence and still with its widespread bottling partners across the region, it could not cater for most of the people in that region who needed its services. For it to function appropriately, it had to incorporate the healthcare management organizations, hospitals and pharmaceutical companies as well as NGOs in order to prevent, create awareness and offer voluntary counseling and testing. This one of the demonstration that corporate social responsibility should be heavily be incorporated into organizations general business strategies and not just as a way of doing things because they should be done. This is because if the multinational companies donà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬t put as part of the entire business, it might end up affecting its performance due to unbudgeted costs that it incurs.Conserva tive nature of some nationsSome national cultures are quite conservative. This usually slow down the overall performance of multinational corporations in such countries. The conservative nature of a country is majorly contributed by the religious and social aspects of the people. As such their laws, either business or social are drawn from their beliefs and religion. Multinational corporations therefore experience great challenges when it comes to business because they have to adapt to the host countryà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s regulations. Another major blow to the multinational corporations is the requirement by most hosting countries to absorb employees from the host countries. The challenge with this arises mostly in the third world countries, where the citizens may not be meeting the required job specifications. The companies are therefore reduced to absorbing incompetent employees who obviously end up hindering performance. In most cases, the companies train the employees in order to suite for the available jobs and this raises their expenses thus lowering the profits. (Agarwal 1994)Another aspect of national culture that affects multinational performance is the nature of the people of the host country in terms of their value of life and hard work. A country where its people are dedicated to their work, the domestic companies also grow r... Impacts of National Culture Multinational Corporations Performance - 1100 Words Impacts of National Culture Multinational Corporations Performance (Essay Sample) Content: National Culture Impacts on Multinational Corporations PerformanceStudentà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s NameBusiness and StatisticsIntroduction and backgroundNational culture is the set of behavior and norms as well as beliefs and customs that exist within the boundaries of a given state, community or group of people. On the other hand, multinational corporations are simply companies which operate in more than one state. These multinational corporations get challenges when they operate in those nations that they start their businesses. Most of these challenges are usually originated from the national culture of the host countries. These multinational corporations are forced by the laws of the hosting country to adapt and develop their management and other practices in line with national culture of the country they are under operation. Emerging markets/ economies are those countries which are beginning to be felt globally by contributing; implementing reform programs and most importantl y, they are undergoing gradual economic development. It can also be used to describe a list of little middle to higher income countries within the developing countries. As such, you will find some multinational corporations performing better than others.It is in line with this that in this paper we are going to analyze the impacts that different national cultures have on the overall performance of the multinational corporations. We critically analyze specific multinational companies by illustrating a method of strategic performance by taking into consideration the effects of home countries national culture on multinational companyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s performance (Agarwal 1994). The analysis, which acts as evidence, shows clearly that the national culture has a direct impact on Multinational Corporationà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s performance. Furthermore, the results purely show that multinational corporations that have better performance usually experience clear as well as distinct characteristics.The civ il rights societiesThe civil right societies are formed by groups of citizens in a country to protest and alarm the public of any malicious action that may be taken by the government or any other influential citizens or non-citizens. These civil societies are usually very keen on any step taken by organizations, especially manufacturing companies and much worse; multinational companies (Agarwal 1994). This is because they tend to have a second thought as to the reason why the operation has to be undertaken in the host country. They reason out that maybe it could be having a health issue which may affect the citizens of the host country. As a result, the multinational corporations are forced to undergo serious scrutiny for any project they have to launch to ensure that it has no any negative consequences on the life of the citizens of the host country. This greatly hinders their performance because the processes are time consuming as well as costly. (Agarwal 1994)Corporate social res ponsibilityCorporate social responsibility is simply about the organizations contribution to sustainable development. It is all about how organizations can be accountable to the social, economic as well as environmental impact as a result of their operations in the overall society. It is a question of companies do with their profits as well as how they make those profits. Though a very good operation, corporate social responsibility has been doubted in terms of validity and for profit making organizations (Agarwal 1994). Corporate social responsibilities are usually very costly projects for these corporations since they have to cater for several spheres of influence such as the workplace, community, marketplace as well as the public policy.Case study; Coca Cola Company.The Coca-Cola Company in the Middle East partnered with its bottling firms and come up with a program to curb HIV/AIDS in the region. So the companies formulated a clear HIV/AIDS policy putting into consideration the fact that the diseases is a public health emergency and therefore used the workplace to reduce the spread and effect of the epidemic(Agarwal 1994). The challenge it faced was that despite its enormous presence and still with its widespread bottling partners across the region, it could not cater for most of the people in that region who needed its services. For it to function appropriately, it had to incorporate the healthcare management organizations, hospitals and pharmaceutical companies as well as NGOs in order to prevent, create awareness and offer voluntary counseling and testing. This one of the demonstration that corporate social responsibility should be heavily be incorporated into organizations general business strategies and not just as a way of doing things because they should be done. This is because if the multinational companies donà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬t put as part of the entire business, it might end up affecting its performance due to unbudgeted costs that it incurs.Conserva tive nature of some nationsSome national cultures are quite conservative. This usually slow down the overall performance of multinational corporations in such countries. The conservative nature of a country is majorly contributed by the religious and social aspects of the people. As such their laws, either business or social are drawn from their beliefs and religion. Multinational corporations therefore experience great challenges when it comes to business because they have to adapt to the host countryà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s regulations. Another major blow to the multinational corporations is the requirement by most hosting countries to absorb employees from the host countries. The challenge with this arises mostly in the third world countries, where the citizens may not be meeting the required job specifications. The companies are therefore reduced to absorbing incompetent employees who obviously end up hindering performance. In most cases, the companies train the employees in order to suite for the available jobs and this raises their expenses thus lowering the profits. (Agarwal 1994)Another aspect of national culture that affects multinational performance is the nature of the people of the host country in terms of their value of life and hard work. A country where its people are dedicated to their work, the domestic companies also grow r...

Saturday, May 23, 2020

Reflection On Criticism - 864 Words

Criticism can be a hard thing for anyone to take. I feel that there are three things that make it hard for people; failing, open wounds, and the person doing the criticizing. For myself, I think that rational and analytical listening are two things that I need to integrate to improve my ability to respond more constructively to criticism. There are two strategies that I use to give criticism; straight to the point, and â€Å"good-bad-good†. I believe that criticism is hard for most people to take. I believe that there are a lot of different reasons that it’s hard for people to take criticism, but there are three that stick out to me. The first one is that when a person is trying to accomplish something that they are not good at, criticism is†¦show more content†¦I feel that if I work on this, I will be able to understand how they feel and maybe try to help them. The second listening styles that I need to integrate to improve my ability to respond more constructively to criticism is analytical listening. â€Å"Analytical listeners are concered about attending to the full message before coming to judgement† (Alder, Elmhorst Lucas, 2014, pg. 65). They want to hear all the details and analyze it. Right now when I am getting criticism I hear what the person says and then I make my decision about how I feel about it. I do not analyze it at all, just jump to a conclusion. Sometimes I get upset easily, and I feel if I would think more into a situation before I just get mad, I might find that its not worth getting upset about. I believe this can help me become more level-headed. I use two different strategies to give criticisms depending on the situation. When it is something quick and I feel that I can correct it on the spot without making a scene or making the person feel bad about themselves, I just say it in a respectful manner. I try to do it as soon as the incident happens, but not in front of others. An example of this is when one of the people on my shift showed up late to work two days in a row, I walked up to her when she walked in to work alone, greeted her, then told her that she needed to try to show up to work on time. She said okay and we went on with our day like nothing happened. I believe that doing it this way allowsShow MoreRelatedCriticism and Reflection of the Color Purple by Alice Walker1151 Words   |  5 PagesCriticism and Reflection of the Color Purple by Alice Walker Criticized as a novel containing graphic violence, sexuality, sexism, and racism, The Color Purple was banned in several schools across the United States. Crude language and explicit detail chronicle the life of Celie, a young black woman subjected to society’s cruelties. Although immoral, the events and issues discussed in Alice Walker’s The Color Purple are prominent in today’s society, and must be public and conversed ratherRead MoreEssay on Critical Thinking/Reflection1393 Words   |  6 PagesAssessing both critical thinking and the reflection process in learning, these aspects are both intertwined. Without one, you cannot have the other. With the use of critical thinking and reflection this thought process allows us to analyse, assess, evaluate, learn and develop arguments. However this can have a twofold affect in the learning process. The learning process means taking many aspects and perspectives into account to establish an argument. Critical thinking draws on questions such as:Read MoreCarson Mccullers Themes Of Loneliness And Isolation1356 Words   |  6 Pages More than half a century later, Carson McCullers’ themes of loneliness and isolation still speak to today’s readers. The work â€Å"Reflections In a Golden Eye†of Carson McCullers drew a lot of criticism, but was anything but unsuccessful. Carson McCullers’ problems with her health and family brought upon manors of writing, she expressed her loneliness and isolation, showing issues relating to bisexuality, infidelity, hostility, and murder. Lastly she made a large impact in the readers and otherRead MoreThe Rhetorical Analysis Of Reverend Martin Luther King Jr.764 Words   |  4 Pagessitting in a jail cell, Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. uses this time of reflection to write a letter to the 7 white church leaders in the south in rebuttal to their recent criticisms of the Civil Rights Movement. The letter comes after the recent pro test in Birmingham, and the criticisms of his work form the Southern leaders. King crafts his argument in a cause and effect style to illustrate the direct problems or criticisms, and refutes these claims with substantial support in favor of his movementRead MoreSelf Reflection : A Teacher1650 Words   |  7 Pagesintellectual, social, and personal development of children and youth. Teachers at any experience level and in any content area can benefit from thinking and reflecting upon their teaching and any problems they are experiencing (Schiller, 1992). Self-Reflection: Current Teachers Many believe the most important factor in learning to teach is the crucial first few years of a teacher s career (Schiller, 1992). While the first few years are pivotal, the goal of becoming a better teacher is a never endingRead MoreEdgar Allan. Poe and H. L. Mencken’s Uses of Humor in Negative Reviews1120 Words   |  5 Pagesseams with sarcasm and humor. These pieces of criticism speak novels about their judgment of these works that don’t â€Å"make the cut† of perceived greatness, and of the types of people who would indulge themselves with them. However, Noà «l Carrol does not speak about the use of humor in arts criticism, for good or for bad. If we are to use Carrol’s definition of arts criticism, then we can’t judge the effectiveness of Poe and Mencken’s use of humor in criticism, or whether it belongs at all. The questionRead MoreScholarly Writing Skill Reflection Essay652 Words   |  3 Pagesï » ¿ Scholarly Writing Skill Reflection University of Phoenix SEM/700R Dr. Kimberly Lowrey Scholarly Writing Skill Reflection One of the most important ideas that occurs to me when I consider my ability to be a successful doctoral student relates to my capacity to write compelling papers that are supported by critical thinking skills and credible sources. In order to ensure that I moveRead MoreThe Transmission Model Of Banking Education Essay1700 Words   |  7 Pagesrelevant information as the educator, and are able to transform the knowledge they have into action for change. Moreover, through the use of a Praxis- orientated approach; through which the participants enter into a continuous process of action, reflection and alteration of the way in which they perceive themselves and society, will ultimately lead to the individuals developing Conscientisation, and become aware of their oppression, leading them to take action for change. Moreover, within this approachRead MoreCritical Theory : A Critical Perspective925 Words   |  4 Pagesespecially political, judicial and education systems, to safeguar d their way to dominance of other groups. As all known, Frankfurt School is famous for Critical Theory. Critical theory, which is that people on the history of civilization, critical reflection of social reality and the formation of theories, not only including Critique of Pure Reason, but also includes the traditional Marxist critique of political economy. In the decades of the historical evolution of the process, the Frankfurt SchoolRead MoreCivilitarianism In Lord Of The Flies Essay994 Words   |  4 PagesThroughout the novel The Lord of the Flies, by William Golding, both sarcastic scenes of political subversion and strong reflections of the state of world affairs at the time of the book’s publishing are commonplace. The repeated messages of political ideals and their hypocrisy and the parallels between the book’s events and real-world tension make political and historical criticism the most powerful means of illuminating one of the most prominent themes in the book: absolute power corrupts absolutely

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Capitalism Is An Unnatural Perversion Of Society In Marx

Capitalism is an unnatural perversion of society in Marx and Engel’s The Communist Manifesto. It is constantly consumptive, unable to exist without further expansion. It warps society through its exploitation of labor and the class that provides it. The Communist Manifesto goes beyond just a sociopolitical critique of capitalism, and adds otherworldly, almost Gothic elements. Repeated supernatural, fantastical language reinforces the idea that capitalism is an illegitimate twist of the natural state of human affairs. The Manifesto’s opening establishes communism as â€Å"a spectre [which] is haunting Europe† (218). At first glance, this would make communism the supernatural entity that threatens the natural world of capitalism. The†¦show more content†¦Communism is not some unverifiable, otherworldly entity, but â€Å"itself a Power† (218) already in Europe. The power of communism does not come from arbitrary political systems set up by the bourgeois, but from the natural power of labor and workers. When discussing the formation of the modern bourgeois and proletariat, Marx claims industrial capitalism has purposefully destroyed previous social paradigms. The current bourgeois is not a continuation of millennia of advancement, but a concentrated shift to â€Å"naked, shameless, direct, brutal exploitation† (222). The language used is remarkably violent: â€Å"the bourgeoisie†¦has pitilessly torn asunder†¦drowned in the icy water of egotistical calculation† (222). Capitalism is inherently predatory, as it must â€Å"constantly revolution[ize]†¦the whole relations of society† (222). The bourgeoisie can and consistently have destroyed civilizations. Therefore, communism should not be criticized as abnormal for attempting to bring about an end to this cycle of destruction. Marx uses religious language when describing professions, â€Å"stripped of [their] halo† (222) by â⠂¬Å"paid wage labour† (222): they were â€Å"hitherto honoured and looked up to with reverent awe† (222). The idolization of these groups suggests capitalism has gone against the sanctity of labor by only making it worth market price. That communism hopes to return value to â€Å"every occupation† (222) means that it is helping restore their quasi-religious status. The followingShow MoreRelatedThe Vampire: What Boundaries Does the Vampire Threaten? Discuss with R9200 Words   |  37 Pagesbetween what is foreign and what is national; and dually East and West. Dracula is open to many interpretations, each accompanying their own boundaries the Vampire threatens. Marxist s view Dracula as a metaphor for capitalism, whilst the queer perspective views it as a struggle between homosexuality and heterosexuality. Others such as Auerbach argue that Dracula is in love less with death or sexuality than with hierarchies, erecting Read MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words   |  656 PagesModern American Queer History Eric Sandweiss, St. Louis: The Evolution of an American Urban Landscape Sam Wineburg, Historical Thinking and Other Unnatural Acts: Charting the Future of Teaching the Past Sharon Hartman Strom, Political Woman: Florence Luscomb and the Legacy of Radical Reform Michael Adas, ed., Agricultural and Pastoral Societies in Ancient and Classical History Jack Metzgar, Striking Steel: Solidarity Remembered Janis Appier, Policing Women: The Sexual Politics of Law Enforcement

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Human Development An Essential Aspect Of Early Childhood...

Human Development Essay Human development is an essential aspect in early childhood education. This essay is going to discuss about three human development theorists, Urie Bronfenbrenner, John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth’s theories. Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems theory, Bowlby’s Attachment theory, Stages of attachment and the study Harlow’s Monkeys and Ainsworth’s â€Å"Strange Situation† research and three types of attachments that are Secure Attachment, Insecure Ambivalent/Resistant and Insecure Avoidant, which are all concerned with socio-cultural theory, will be analysed. Bronfenbrenner (Sigelman Rider, 2014) created an ecological system model which illustrates both direct and indirect influences (these influences are bi-directional) in an individual’s growing environment. This ecological system consists of five systems which are all having an individual as their same centre and gradually extend from this individual to the las t and biggest system, including minute but immediate impacts like a bee in the garden that stung this individual and macroscopical but subtle impacts like the global warming. Meanwhile, they are inclusive, as Te Whariki, the New Zealand Early Childhood Curriculum, describes it as â€Å"a set of nested Russian dolls† (The Ministry of Education, 1996, page.19), which means these systems are one contains another. According to Bronfenbrenner (Sigelman Rider, 2014), these five systems, from the most immediately influential to the least, areShow MoreRelatedCommunication in Early Childhood1450 Words   |  6 PagesCommunication is the most important factor for young children’s learning and social development. Humans have the unique skills of language and speech to enable the sharing of information, knowledge and feelings with others. Early childhood educators have an important job to nurture and support the development of communication in children. Communication skills are required in order to deliver the right message and convey it properly to the child. These involve body languages and facial expressionRead MoreEarly Childhood Development : Child Welfare1640 Words   |  7 Pages Early Childhood Development Rossy Sical SWK 346 Child Welfare Professor Carew February 3, 2015 Early Childhood Development Early childhood development is a fundamental key to a full and productive life. This stage of development is not only important because of its rapid development but also because it is the foundation of children’s future cognitive, behavioral and emotional well-being. Children during this stage require love and physical and verbal stimulationRead MoreMy Philosophy on Education Essay1172 Words   |  5 PagesAll human societies, past and present, have had an interest in education; and many have claimed that teaching is the second oldest profession. While not all societies channel sufficient resources into support for educational activities and institutions, all at the very least acknowledge their centrality; and for good reasons. Teaching, in my opinion is the first profession period. Teaching will always and forever be used until the end of time. We know that everyone is born unknowing about educationRead MoreSocio-cultural Assessment1369 Words   |  5 Pagesin which they live. Their understanding of the world comes from the values and beliefs of the adults, community, socio-economic status, education and culture that surround them. (Mooney, 2000). When making an assessment on an individual child it is necessary to consider the background and culture in which they exist. Berger (2005), states that human development results from dynamic interactions between developing persons and their surrounding society and culture. (p.45). Every child is influencedRead MoreInfancy and Early Childhood1106 Words   |  5 PagesInfancy and Early Childhood Stages University of Phoenix Queanna Booth, Marilyn Lee, Virginia Ortega, Shniqua Smith, Linda Van Scholars note the important role that attachment plays in the development of an infant. Mary Ainsworth, a pioneer in the study of attachment describes attachment as an emotional bond between persons who binds them through space and time. Attachment is the basis for social skills. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Atlanta Is An Fx Original Series Created And Starring,...

Atlanta is an FX original series created and starring, actor, comedian, and musician, Donald Glover (stage name: Childish Gambino). The series follows the lives of Earnest Marks (Donald Glover) and his cousin Alfred â€Å"Paper Boi† Miles played by Brian Tyree Henry, as they navigate through daily life in Atlanta Georgia. After dropping out of Princeton University Earnest (Earn) finds himself back in Atlanta, homeless, working at the airport on commission selling cell phone services. With no money and no home, he goes to his cousin Alfred who has found success with his newly released single, and asks to manage him. Earn who had a failed attempt at being a rapper still sees the potential in the music industry to provide for himself and his daughter. Within the first minute of the pilot episode you are introduced to World Star Hip-Hop and some common media representations of African American men, in the form of hyper-masculinity and violence, appropriately titling this episode The Big Bang. Donald Glover along with the other writers and producers of Atlanta proves the views with an authentic look into the daily challenges of being black in this country. The show creates a dialogue that examines the intersection of topics such as police brutality, mental health, and transphobic in relation to the systemic racism and violence experienced by black America. This review will examine the representation of blackness on Atlanta, and how the representations of African Americans continue

Direct Payment in London Free Essays

Introduction The UK government in its 2010 adult social care strategy set an ambitious goal of having all council-funded social care service users and carers on personal budgets (preferably ‘direct payments’) by April 2013 (Think Local Act Personal, 2011). This essay details the impact and success of this strategy so far for both patients and carers, trends in the adoption of personal budget and direct payment method for social support and its take-up according to different client groups. This essay will also discuss whether the current deadline is realistic and the challenges (if any) that may impede its achievement. We will write a custom essay sample on Direct Payment in London or any similar topic only for you Order Now What are Direct Payments? Direct payments are cash payments offered to service users of community care services for which they have been assessed as requiring. Direct payments are aimed at giving users greater choice and control in their care. These are available all across UK to all client groups requiring social support including carers, disabled children and people with mental health problems (Samuel, 2012). What are personal budgets? Personal budgets involve allocation of sufficient funding to service users following an assessment to meet their assessed requirements. Service users can either choose to take their personal budget in cash as a direct payment, or leave the responsibility of commissioning the services upon local councils while still deciding for how their care needs are met and by whom (Samuel, 2012). The purpose By providing an alternative to social care services provided by a local council, direct payments and personal budget offer service users with more control over their life. Its enables them to look beyond ‘off the peg† solutions for care needs such as housing, employment, education and recreational activities in addition to personal assistant to meet their assessed care needs. It is aimed to increase the independence, social inclusion and self-esteem of service users (Department of Health, 2003). Impact of Direct Payments on Patients and Carers Several studies have shown that the direct payment and personal budget initiative is delivering positive outcomes for both service users and carers. The 2011 National Personal Budget Survey, which covered more than 2,000 people, reveals that direct payments and personal budgets are having overall positive impact on the lives of service users and providers. It concludes that the personal budgets holders are been supported with dignity and respect while being more independent and in control of their support. There was a general agreement that the basic element of self-directed support was present, including being made aware of the amount of money they were entitled to for their personal budget (77%). 81 % expressed that they were provided help with their personal budget, while 87 % said that their views were given importance in setting their support plan. Most of the users surveyed said that they had experienced improvements in 10 out of 14 areas of their lives with the use of personal budgets; 76% of the people surveyed reported that they were being treated with more dignity and respect; 75% reported of having more independence; 72% reported being in more control for their support needs; 68% reported of having more control of important things in life; 67% reported of having positive impact upon their relationships with those who paid to support them; 63% reported of having greater mental wellbeing; 59% reported positive impact upon physical health; 58% reported having improved relations hips with their families; 57% reported being more save inside and outside their houses; and 72% said that with personal budget in place, they were getting support for what they needed when they needed (Hatton and Water, 2011). As for the other 4 aspects which include getting a paid job, helping local communities, relationships with friends, and choosing where to live, personal budget holders expressed no significant change. 3% to 8% of the people surveyed expressed a negative impact on any of these aforementioned 14 aspects (Hatton and Water, 2011). These findings are consistent with several other studies regarding the impact of direct payment and personal budgets (see Appendix 1). The survey further revealed that the carers similarly indicated towards a positive impact of personal budgets on the lives of service users and themselves as carers and other family members. However, the carers were all negative about the aspects personal budget process and the stress associated with it (Hatton and Water, 2011). Take-Up across Client Groups It is widely established that direct payments and personal budgets have traditionally a higher take-up among younger adults – particularly among people with learning or physical disabilities and those with a long standing illness– compared to older people with learning disabilities and those with mental health problems and sensory impairment. (see fig 1.) Uptake of Personal Budget (Source: The National Personal Budget Plan Survey, 2011) According to the NHS information center, the data for the year 2010-2011 showed that 29% of older people (more than 65 years of age) were on personal budgets compared to 41% of working-age adults with a learning disability and 35% of working age physically disabled adults. Figure for people with mental health problem of working age was as low as 9% (Samuel, 2012). These figures highlight concerns that there is still a long way to go to make personal budget work for older people, people with mental health problems; all of which form a group of those with most complex needs. These issues have been highlighted in a number of studies and reports. (see Wood, 2011). Trends in Direct Payments In the year 2011, of more than ?1.5bn of the support budget administered by councils in England, almost one and every 7 pound was awarded through personal budgets. For as many as 27 councils in England, the practice of personal budget and direct payment extended to almost half of all service users. It amount to almost 38% of all the support service users in England. However, it has been noted that most of these people never get to handle the money they are entitled to which implies that the increase in trend has been mainly in ‘managed’ personal budgets, with only a slight increase in direct payment (Brindle, 2011). According to the 2012 annual survey of Association of Directors of Adult Social Services, the current users of personal budgets amounted for 53% of all ongoing users of community services in England (Samuel, 2012). The aforementioned information indicates that overall, the personal budget and direct payment scheme has been positively affecting the social care structure of the UK. The impact of this initiative has improved the conditions of the service users and carers to a great extent. A large segment of the service users welcomes this initiative. The overall trend in the service sector indicates that personalized budgets and direct payments are the future of the provision of social care services. They are indeed a step towards the evolution of the services and care structure which is more user centered. Meeting the Deadline There is a growing concern regarding the target set by the government of having all council-funded users of current care and support on personal budgets by April 2013 that whether it is truly helping achieve actual choice and control for people with the most complex and greatest needs. The target of 2013 has been called into question by the likes of Martin Routledge, who is the program director of Think Local Act Personal, the sector coalition responsible for implementing the agenda. As the head of operation at In Control, he says that â€Å"I have talked to dozens of local authority managers this year and most have expressed general positivity towards personal budgets and direct payments but also fear the risk of unintended consequences of the 2013 goal. Most felt that as they needed to get many more older people included, there would be a high risk of superficial compliance but not a great actual extension of choice and control.† (Samuel, 2012b) Various observers and studies have indicated some of the most important impediments in achieving the 2013 deadlines as follows:  · The supply of services and its market is currently not as responsive to coincide with the demand of those on personal budgets or receiving direct payments – and therefore, personal budgets are of little use without adequate supply of services (Samuel, 2012b)  ·The groups that are least likely to receive personal budgets or direct payments such as old people who prefer not to take the responsibility of commissioning services in their own hands or people with complex or mental health problems such dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, etc. pose a significant challenge in achieving the target (Samuel, 2012b)  ·Long and complex assessment forms and the approval of council panels instead of workers for personal budget support plans have the process much more tedious. Excessive bureaucracy has beset the implementation of personal budget and direct payments. According to a survey, 82% of the social care professionals say there is more bureaucracy involved in their work due to personalization (Donovan, 2012). Conclusion Personal Budget and direct payment is now the mainstream method of delivering social care. By April 2013, all the people receiving care support are expected to have a personal plan or receive direct payments. Direct payment or personal budgets have delivered much better positive outcomes for various aspects of lives for both users and carers than traditionally arranged services. The number of people acquiring support through personal plan or direct payment is steadily increasing, although some user groups remain low such as old people and those with complex problems. Despite the increasing prevalence of direct payment and personal budgets, there are several impediments that should be addressed in order to achieve the 2013 target. References Adams L, Godwin L. (2008) Employment Aspects and Workforce Implications of Direct Payments. London: Prepared for Skills for Care by IFF Research 2008. 112. RCN Policy Unit. Individual Budgets: Royal College of Nursing 2008 Contract No.: 04/2008 Brindle, D. (2011) Are direct payments for social care still living up to their nameThe Guardian {online} http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2011/jun/22/personal-budgets-social-care-choice-compromised (cited on 30th August, 2012) Department of Health (2003) Direct Payments Guidance: Community Care, Services for Carers and Children’s Services (Direct Payments) Guidance England 2003 September 2003 London: DH Donovan, T. (2012) Personal budgets increasingly bureaucratic, say professionals Community Care. {online} http://www.communitycare.co.uk/Articles/04/07/2012/118340/personal-budgets-increasingly-bureaucratic-say-professionals.htm (cited on 30th August, 2012) Hatton, C and Water, J. (2011) National Personal Budget Survey 2011. Think Local Act Personal. {online} http://www.thinklocalactpersonal.org.uk/_library/Resources/Personalisation/Personalisation_advice/2011/POET_surveys_June_2011_-_EMBARGOED.pdf (cited on 30th August, 2012) Samuel, M. (2012) Expert guide to direct payments, personal budgets and individual budgets. Community Care. {online} http://www.communitycare.co.uk/Articles/25/07/2012/102669/direct-payments-personal-budgets-and-individual-budgets.htm (cited on 30th August, 2012) Samuel, M. (2012b) Where now for personal budgetsCommunity Care: Adult Care Blog. {online} http://www.communitycare.co.uk/blogs/adult-care-blog/2012/03/where-now-for-personal-budgets.html(cited on 30th August, 2012) Think Local Act Personal (2011) Personal Budgets Taking Stocks, Moving Forward. {online} http://www.thinklocalactpersonal.org.uk/_library/Resources/Personalisation/TLAP/Paper5TakingStockMovingForwards.pdf (cited on 3th September, 2012) How to cite Direct Payment in London, Essay examples

In Cold Blood Essay Example For Students

In Cold Blood Essay Upon arriving in Holcomb, a small congregation of buildings on the high wheat plains of western Kansas, Perry and Dick, two men recently paroled for petty crimes, left almost no evidence behind except for a bloody footprint and a radio they stole from the Clutter house. In the investigative nonfiction murder story In Cold Blood Essay by Truman Capote, the story of Perry and Dick and the night of November 15, 1959 is relived. This fast-paced and straightforward documentary talks about the nature of American violence, and details the motiveless murder of four members of the Clutter family and the investigation that led to the capture, trial, and execution of the killers, but not before the reader gets to know Dick and Perry almost to well at times. While reading Truman Capotes nonfiction novel, In Cold Blood, Capotes presentation of the facts surrounding the murders of an obscure Kansas farmer and three of his family members becomes almost frightening. At many times, the author of this paper was left wondering why this book was having such an effect on him and why it seemed so realistic to him. Initially, one may think the answer to be that the book was a true account-because these things had actually happened, and they were not simply a fictional story produced by some authors overactive imagination. However, it becomes apparent it wasnt just the horrific story of these murders that is troubling, but the aspect of how Capote tells the story that makes reading it uneasy. Unlike many other murder stories, Capote not only discusses the criminals and their role in the crime, but their childhoods, their lives right before the crime, and their lives after the conviction until the executions. This may be because he was able to establish such rapport with these two men through countless hours of interviews over many years. The reader of In Cold Blood is given the cold, hard facts about the murderers, and the effect of their previous lives on their actions and thoughts regarding the matter. This draws the reader closer to the men than they would, perhaps, like to be. Capote talks about the lives of both killers previous to the murders in fairly significant detail. In the case of Perry Smith, his parents divorced early in his childhood and neither his mother nor father really wanted him. This produced feelings of abandonment and uselessness early on in Perry and affected the rest of his life. Capote brings up a letter written to the Kansas State Penitentiary about Perry, by Perrys father, who was trying to have Perry paroled for a previous crime he had committed. Perry says that this biography always set racing a series of emotionsself pity in the lead, love and hate evenly at first, the latter ultimately pulling ahead (130). Perry didnt feel as though his father ever knew him very well, or even wanted to know him. He says, whole sections of my Dad was ignorant of. Didnt understand an iota ofI had this great natural musical ability. Which Dad didnt recognize. Or care aboutI never got any encouragement from him or anybody else (133). When Perrys father threw him out of the house one evening because his father could no longer afford to have Perry live with him, Perry seems to lose his sense of direction in life. He even says to the truck driver who picks him up along the road right after this incident, wherever youre headed, thats where Im going (136). All these childhood wounds caused violent tendencies to develop in Perry from an early onset. Describing a fight with his father, Perry says, he carried on like that till I couldnt stand it. My hands got hold of his throat. My handsbut I couldnt control them. They wanted to choke him to death (136). Dick Hickock, on the other hand, may have had a decent childhood; however, his anger manifested itself in bad relationships with women. Billy Elliot - Nationalism and Class Structure Essay This combination of styles not only presents all of the possible accounts of the murders, but it also presents the events as a story, such as a fictional novel would present its plot. The unification of journalistic, documentary, and detective styles of writing proves .